There are several theories about the origin of Friday the 13th - some attribute them to the Bible, more precisely how Jesus is believed to have been crucified on Friday, after dinner with 13 guests, others with a similar Germanic myth of 12 gods at dinner, which was attended by the 13th uninvited guest. Evil and corrupt, the god Loki, the third with the mass arrests and assassinations of the Knights Templar in France ordered by the Pope on Friday, October 13, 1307.… But it is a new council.
The fear of Friday the 13th is ubiquitous, and in Western civilization it was rooted in "Black Friday" or the collapse of the New York Stock Exchange on May 13, 1927 (one of - as the beginning of the Great Depression is taken September 4, 1929). Since then, numerous theories about its origin have started.
According to one popularized by the "Da Vinci Code", the execution of the Knights Templar deserves a bad reputation. King Philip IV of France Beautiful, in agreement with Pope Clement, ordered the execution of a powerful military-religious order at dawn on Friday, October 13, 1307, on charges of heresy.
Loki was 13th
The fear of the number 13 is also connected with the Nordic myth about the dinner of the twelve gods, which was also attended by an uninvited thirteenth guest, Loki. He led the blind god of darkness Hoder to shoot the god of joy Balder. After this one died, the whole country was wrapped in black. The early Christian Romans believed that witches were mostly formed in groups of 12 members, while 13th place was left for the Devil himself. The belief was carried over into the Middle Ages.
And Jesus was betrayed by the 13th guest at the Last Supper, Judas, which is another link between the number 13 and Friday, the day Jesus died. According to some interpretations, it was on Friday that Eve offered Adam an unfortunate apple, and Cain killed Abel on Friday. Others believe that the great flood began on Friday. But just as the 13 was killed because it was after the perfect 12, most likely Friday was also killed just because it was before Saturday, the holy day of the Jews.
Kirk Siang / flickr.com
Look at the arms and legs
Whatever the occasion, the cause of the Friday the 13th fear is probably a combination of two unfortunate elements. Numerological, 12 is a perfect number, divisible by two, three, four and six. The year is 12 months, there are 12 signs of the Zodiac, Jesus had 12 disciples… Adding disrupts harmony.
Anthropologists and linguists go a step further and point out that our fear of the number 13 is evolutionarily instilled. According to them, ancient people used to count to 12 to ten toes and two feet. Everything further was mystical and unfathomable. Languages also support this theory - for 12, for example, we have the word apple - a dozen, and in English and German, the words for 12 and 13 are formed completely differently (twelve - thirteen; zwölf, dreizehn).
Because of the bribe, the 13 were also accused of hanging
Traditionally, 13 steps led to the pedestal with hangers, and a legend developed that the hanging rope was intertwined 13 times, but the real number is eight.
An unfortunate mission to the moon
Apollo 13 almost ended in tragedy, after the air tank on the spacecraft exploded. For a few days, the astronauts' lives hung in the balance, but in the end, they successfully returned to Earth.
There is an old belief that if you have 13 letters in your first and last name the hell of luck will accompany you. Sounds ridiculous until examples of infamous serial killers are given Charles Manson, Jack the Ripper and Theodore Bundy,
Napoleon and Roosevelt suffered from triskaidekaphobia
Napoleon also had a fear of number 13, and US President Franklin Roosevelt never traveled on the 13th of the month. About 200,000 people in the United States alone suffer from triskaidekaphobia, as the panic fear of number 13 is called.
Because of the 13, car dealers rebelled against the government
In Ireland, registration plates begin with the last two digits of the year in which the car was first registered. Fearing that the 13 plates would bring down car sales, dealers persuaded the government to change the regulations, and for 2013, plates were introduced starting with 131 for cars bought in the first half of the year and 132 for those bought in the second.
Friday the 13th is still the most common
In the cycle of 400 years (how long it takes for all the days of the week to be arranged on all dates) Friday the 13th appears 688, Sunday and Wednesday 687, Monday and Tuesday 685, and Wednesday and Thursday 684 times.
I lived on the 17th, I was dead on the 18th
Although globalization has spread fear since Friday the 13th, in various cultures other days are traditionally considered unlucky. For example, in Italy, Friday 17 has been unlucky since ancient times. Written in Roman numerals XVII, the 17th day of the month forms an anagram from the Latin VIXI - I lived (so I am now dead). The 2000 film "Scream If You Know What I Did Last Friday the 13th." In Italy it came out as "Scream if you know what I did last Friday 17." In Greece, Tuesday is considered unlucky, especially 13. Since ancient times that day is ruled by Ares, the god of raging war, the Crusaders conquered Constantinople on Tuesday, April 13, 1204, and the Turks also on Tuesday (but May 29, 1493).